Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia
Indonesian Pediatrics Society

Profil Infeksi Plasmodium, Anemia dan Status Nutrisi pada Malaria Anak di RSUD Scholoo Keyen, Kabupaten Sorong Selatan

Reza Abdussalam, Rosaline NI Krimadi, Rustam Siregar, Endang Dewi Lestari, Harsono Salimo
Abstrak

Latar belakang. Angka kesakitan malaria di Indonesia masih cukup tinggi. Masalah pada malaria adalah antara lain kejadian anemia pada infeksi plasmodium disebabkan hemolisis sel darah merah dan penurunan eritropoesis, sedangkan hubungan antara infeksi plasmodium dengan malnutrisi masih harus diklarifikasi.
Tujuan. Menilai proporsi anemia dan status nutrisi pada malaria anak.
Metode. Penelitian potong lintang dilakukan selama 2 bulan (Mei-Juni 2015) pada 45 anak dengan diagnosis malaria yang dirawat inap dan rawat jalan di RSUD Scholoo Keyen. Diagnosis malaria ditegakkan berdasarkan pemeriksaan sediaan darah tebal dan tipis.
Hasil. Terdapat 45 anak, 25 laki-laki dan 20 perempuan. Rentang usia terbanyak 1-5 tahun. Ditemukan 30 anak dengan malaria tropikana. Didapatkan 25 anak dengan kadar hemoglobin antara (8-10) g/dL. Status nutrisi ditemukan 19 anak wasting dan 16 stunted.
Kesimpulan. Malaria yang paling banyak ditemukan adalah malaria tropikana, disertai kejadian penyerta seperti anemia dan gizi kurang. Sari Pediatri 2016;17(6):446-9.

 

Plasmodium Infection Profile, Anemia and Nutritional Status in Children with Malaria in Scholoo Keyen Hospital in South Sorong

Background. In Indonesia still has high incidence of malaria. Anemia in plasmodium infection is due to red blood cell hemolysis and decreased erytropoesis, while the correlation of plasmodium plasmodium infection with malnutrition must be clarified.
Objective. This study was conducted to analyse the correlation between plasmodium infection, anemia, and nutritional status in pediatric patients with malaria in South Sorong.
Methods. This cross sectional study was performed between from May through June 2015. There were 45 children diagnosesd with malaria who were hospitalized and out patients in Scholoo Keyen Hospital. Malaria diagnosis was established by examining the thin and thick blood smear slides.
Result. There were 45 children included in this study, 25 boys and 20 girls. Most (53.3%) children affected were between 1 - 5 years old (24 children). The most (66.7%) common type of malaria was due to falciparum (tropical) malaria (30 children). Twenty five (55.6%) children had hemoglobin level between 8 to 10 gram/dl. Wasting was found in 19 (42.2%) children, while stunting was observed in 16 (35.6%) children.
Conclusion. The most common type of malaria found is Tropicana malaria, with coexisting insidence of anemia and malnourishment. Sari Pediatri 2016;17(6):446-9.

Kata kunci: plasmodium, anemia, nutritional status


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